Reflection Of Light

REFLECTION OF LIGHT


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FORMATION OF IMAGE BY A CONVEX MIRROR


       The image formed in a convex mirror is always virtual and erect, whatever be the position of the object. Now, let’s study the types of images formed by a convex mirror

1. When the object is placed at infinity

       When the object is placed at infinity, the two rays AD and BE which run parallel to the principal axis gets diverged in the directions DG and EH respectively after getting reflected from the convex mirror. When the diverged rays DG and EH are extended backwards, they intersect each other at the principal focus F.

When the object is placed at infinity


       Therefore, in convex mirror if the object is present at infinity then the image is formed behind the mirror at the principal focus, which is highly diminished, virtual and erect.

2. When the object is placed anywhere between pole and infinity

       If the object is placed anywhere between the pole and infinity, a ray of light AD starting from point A of the object which run parallel to the principal axis gets reflected along DX. On producing back, DX appears to come from F. another ray AE from point A of the object which go towards the centre of curvature is reflected back along EA.

When the object is placed anywhere between pole and infinity


       These two reflected rays i.e. DX and EA are diverging rays and appears to intersect each other at point A’ when produced back. So in this case the image is formed behind the mirror, between the pole and the principal focus, which is diminished, virtual and erect.

Table: Summary of images formed by a convex mirror


S No. Position of Object Position of Image Size of Image Nature of Image
1. At infinity At the focus F, behind the mirror Highly diminished Virtual and erect
2. Between infinity and the pole P Between P and F, behind the mirror Diminished Virtual and erect



Test Your Understanding and Answer These Questions:




  1. Explain formation of different types of images by a convex mirror with the help of diagrams.



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Rajan Gupta Rajan Gupta
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